The World Health Organization (WHO) has given the Government of Pakistan a broad range of technical assistance in curbing the major health related crisis since the creation of its head office in Pakistan in 1960. This is primarily to improve health care, solve issues in public health and encourage health science.
As the leading health organization, WHO in Pakistan works with various partners to assist the Government of Pakistan in its efforts to achieve the objectives of its national health policy. Many UN agencies, including UNICEF, UNFPA, WFP and UNDP, donors and scholar organizations, are among these collaborators.
Following five main national goals shape the basis for the WHO partnership with the Government of Pakistan:
1. Health security and disease prevention and control.
2. Non-communicable disorders, mental well-being, violence, accidents and nutrition.
3. Health promotion through the course of life.
4. Reinforcement of health systems.
5. Preparation, control and response.
The humanitarian condition of the nation in Pakistan is distinguished by: recurrent natural disaster; persistent instability, with more than 400,000 displacements to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) inadequate access to social service facilities and the regular outbreaks of diseases such as dengue fever and hemorrhagic fever of Crimean-Congo, leishmaniosis and diphtheria. In Pakistan, malnutrition among pregnant and breastfeeding women and children continues to increase.
Role Of WHO in Pakistan is to support the government in coping up with the humanitarian crisis by endorsing the implementation of the 2018 Transitional Plan and enhancing adherence to primary health care services, including vital medicines for the KP displaced population and the FATA returnees. WHO also assists the government in tracking disease patterns and reacting to Dengue fever outbreaks in the KP and Punjab Provinces.
Areas of WHO’s assistance in Pakistan:
1. Health policy and system development:
The WHO approach is to enhance health policy creation, planning, regulation, and funding, resulting in more inclusive, flexible, and equal funding of a decentralized health care system. WHO is working to strengthen governance through improved policy analysis and growth capacity, as well as management, legislation and regulatory support.
Human resources are a necessity, with support given to the policies and initiatives of Human Resources for Health (HRH), and the preparation of health managers. Data management by improving the Information System for Health Management (HMIS) provides a basis for effective policy development.
2. Communicable disease control:
A crucial aspect of WHO's research is promoting the development of surveillance, advanced warning and health laboratories for quality assurance and monitoring, as well as capacity building for communicable diseases. Polio eradication and control of the Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) are WHO's top priority. There are also a variety of other communicable diseases in Pakistan that form the body of work for WHO.
3. Improving the health of women and children:
WHO promotes efforts to foster and assist secure motherhood and make pregnancy healthier through family planning, child spacing, sexually transmitted infection prevention and control. This includes the improvement of the food system and the provision of emergency obstetric treatment at the professional level. Maternal-health workers preparation remains a priority. Throughout the district level, as part of the City essential health services program, WHO supports the referral system. Professional assistance is also given for extending the Child Survival program.